The pieces that belong to each player are distinguished by color. Original Staunton chess pieces , left to right: pawn, rook, knight, bishop, queen, and king. Depicted are the king, queen, rook, archer or bishop , knight, pawn or soldier , courier, man or rath or sage , and jester.
The game is played by millions of people worldwide. Chess is believed to be derived from the Indian game chaturanga some time before the 7th century. Part of a Staunton chess set Left to right: white king , black rook , black queen , white pawn , black knight , white bishop. Knights Templar playing chess, Libro de los juegos , This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order. Some of these have their own pages, like fork and pin.
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Envelope used for the adjournment of a match game Efim Geller vs. Bent Larsen , Copenhagen Shatranj is an old form of chess, as played in the Persian Empire. Modern chess gradually developed from this game, as it was introduced to the western world via the Greeks.
Two shatranj players in a detail from a Persian miniature painting of Bayasanghori Shahname made in Ukrainian Hetman Bohdan Zinoviy Khmelnytsky. In military organizations, the practice of carrying colours, standards or guidons, both to act as a rallying point for troops and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Ancient Egypt some 5, years ago. A lieutenant from No.
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Stitching the Standard by Edmund Leighton , oil on canvas. Napoleon I awarding the Legion d'Honneur to a dragoon for the capture of an Imperial regimental flag. A chessboard is the type of board game used in the game chess, over which the chess pawns are laid. It's usually square in shape, with an alternating pattern of two colours between its subdivisions.
A wooden chessboard with Staunton pieces. Chessboards during a match of Bughouse. Spatial position of the boards in Raumschach. Each player begins the game with two bishops.
One starts between the king's knight and the king, the other between the queen's knight and the queen. A pre- Staunton bishop. Sanskrit is a language of ancient India with a history going back about 3, years. Historic Sanskrit manuscripts: a religious text top , and a medical text. Rigveda padapatha manuscript in Devanagari , early 19th century. Einsiedeln is a municipality and district in the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland known for its monastery, the Benedictine Einsiedeln Abbey, established in the 10th century.
Schanzen Einsiedeln. Main street of Einsiedeln, Abbey square in the foreground. The pieces are mostly bawdy, irreverent, and satirical. The Wheel of Fortune from Carmina Burana. Tables players, from the Carmina Burana. Benediktbeuern Abbey. In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a tribe of women warriors related to Scythians and Sarmatians. Amazons monument in Samsun , Turkey. Tsar, also spelled czar, or tzar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe, originally Bulgarian monarchs from 10th century onwards.
Simeon I of Bulgaria was the first Bulgarian Tsar and the first person who has borne the title "Tsar". Reception of the Tsar of Russia in the Moscow Kremlin. Redrawing of the epitaph of ichirgu boila Mostich.
At the age of eighty he forsook the rank of ichirgu boila and all of his possessions and became a monk. And so ended his life.
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Eleanor's effigy at Fontevraud Abbey. At left, a 14th-century representation of the wedding of Louis and Eleanor; at right, Louis leaving on Crusade. Eleanor's grandfather, William IX of Aquitaine , gave her this rock crystal vase, which she gave to Louis as a wedding gift. He later donated it to the Abbey of Saint-Denis. This is the only surviving artifact known to have belonged to Eleanor.
Isabella I reigned as Queen of Castile from until her death. Madonna of the Streets by Roberto Ferruzzi , c. The Virgin's first seven steps, mosaic from Chora Church , c. Since the word troubadour is etymologically masculine, a female troubadour is usually called a trobairitz. The troubadour Perdigon playing his fiddle.
William IX of Aquitaine portrayed as a knight, who first composed poetry on returning from the Crusade of Musicians in the time of the Cantigas de Santa Maria. These were in the court of the king, two vielle players and one citoler. Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template. The earliest non-paper products involving printing include cylinder seals and objects such as the Cyrus Cylinder and the Cylinders of Nabonidus.
The earliest known woodcut , , Buxheim , with hand-colouring. Copperplate of — cash paper money with ten bronze movable types. Jikji , "Selected Teachings of Buddhist Sages and Son Masters" from Korea, the earliest known book printed with movable metal type, A vizier is a high-ranking political advisor or minister. The winter Diwan of a Mughal Vizier. An Iran ian Afsharid Vizier.
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Formerly the piece was called the tower, marquess, rector, and comes. The term castle is considered informal, incorrect, or old-fashioned. Illustration of a siege tower , which the rook may be intended to represent. A Prime Minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
Prime ministers of the Nordic and Baltic countries in The prime ministers of five members of the Commonwealth of Nations at the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference. John A. Macdonald — , first Canadian prime minister. Courtly love was a medieval European literary conception of love that emphasized nobility and chivalry. God Speed! Warfare imagery: the Siege of the Castle of Love on an ivory mirror-back, possibly Paris, ca. The object of the game is to threaten the opponent's king in such a way that escape is not possible.
The pawn is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest. It historically represents infantry, or more particularly, armed peasants or pikemen. In geometry, a diagonal is a line segment joining two vertices of a polygon or polyhedron, when those vertices are not on the same edge. Informally, any sloping line is called diagonal.
A stand of basic scaffolding on a house construction site, with diagonal braces to maintain its structure. The new piece replaces the pawn, as part of the same move. Chess set with extra black and white queens for promotion, 35th Chess Olympiad. A mnemonic device, or memory device, is any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval in the human memory.
Detail of Giordano Bruno 's statue in Rome. Bruno was famous for his mnemonics, some of which he included in his treatises De umbris idearum and Ars Memoriae. Checkmate is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check and there is no way to remove the threat. Checkmating the opponent wins the game. Black is checkmated—the game is over.
Apart from World Champion, Grandmaster is the highest title a chess player can attain. Hikaru Nakamura is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster. A ferz is a fairy chess piece that moves like a bishop, but can only go one square. The ferz can move one square diagonally in any direction. In this article, the ferz is represented by an inverted bishop. Illustration of a queen French: La Dame when she had the move of a ferz.
You will be pleased to take this into your consideration, when Mr.
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Powys presents your Lordship my extraordinaries. He was in a measure responsible both for Dryden's translation of Virgil and for Pope's of Homer. But he was not able to do much for Prior in the trouble some matter of his extraordinaries, payment whereof 1 Ibid. For money was scarce, and ministers inclined to be parsimonious in all but military expenditure.
Even Vernon, well disposed as he was, cavilled at the sum, 5s. He caused the item to be struck out of the bill wherein Matt had inserted it, and to be held over until the next quarter.